23 May 2023 Brussels, Belgium

World crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 161.4 million tonnes (Mt) in April 2023, a 2.4% decrease compared to April 2022.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.3 Mt in April 2023, up 4.8% on April 2023. Asia and Oceania produced 121.1 Mt, down 1.5%. The EU (27) produced 11.1 Mt, down 11.7%. Europe, Other produced 3.5 Mt, down 17.3%. The Middle East produced 4.2 Mt, up 4.2%. North America produced 9.2 Mt, down 4.6%. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 7.5 Mt, up 5.9%. South America produced 3.6 Mt, down 2.2%.  
Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Apr 2023 (Mt) % change Apr 23/22 Jan-Apr
2023 (Mt)
% change Jan-Apr 23/22
Africa 1.3 4.8 5.0 -0.8
Asia and Oceania 121.1 -1.5 467.5 2.3
EU (27) 11.1 -11.7 44.4 -10.2
Europe, Other 3.5 -17.3 12.9 -18.8
Middle East 4.2 4.2 14.3 1.9
North America 9.2 -4.6 36.2 -3.8
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine 7.5 5.9 28.9 -7.9
South America 3.6 -2.2 13.6 -5.6
Total 63 countries 161.4 -2.4 622.7 -0.3
  The 63 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 97% of total world crude steel production in 2022. Regions and countries covered by the table:
  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa, Tunisia
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Viet Nam
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Türkiye, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
   

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 92.6 Mt in April 2023, down 1.5% on April 2022. India produced 10.7 Mt, up 3.2%. Japan produced 7.2 Mt, down 3.1%. The United States produced 6.6 Mt, down 5.3%. Russia is estimated to have produced 6.4 Mt, up 1.9%. South Korea produced 5.7 Mt, up 3.0%. Germany produced 3.2 Mt, down 3.8%. Brazil produced 2.8 Mt, down 5.9%. Türkiye produced 2.7 Mt, down 20.6%. Iran produced 3.1 Mt, up 5.9%.  
Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Apr 2023 (Mt)   % change Apr 23/22 Jan-Apr 2023 (Mt) % change Jan-Apr 23/22
China 92.6 -1.5 354.4 4.1
India 10.7 3.2 43.9 3.0
Japan 7.2 -3.1 28.9 -5.3
United States 6.6 -5.3 26.1 -4.1
Russia 6.4 e 1.9 25.1 -0.6
South Korea 5.7 3.0 22.4 -0.4
Germany 3.2 -3.8 12.4 -5.9
Brazil 2.8 -5.9 10.6 -8.8
Türkiye 2.7 -20.6 10.1 -21.3
Iran 3.1 5.9 9.7 0.1

e – estimated. Ranking of top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate

 

Notes to Editors:

  • The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world, with members in every major steel-producing country. worldsteel represents steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Members represent around 85% of global steel production.
  • A subscription with access to the iron and crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to worldsteel on a monthly basis is available for €1,285 via the worldsteel bookshop. This subscription includes access to 20 years of data in the Steel Statistical Yearbooks. Please contact subscribers@cxmalbentosa.com with any questions.
  • Information on capacity can be found on the .
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