31 January 2023 Brussels, Belgium

December 2022 crude steel production

World crude steel production for the 64 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 140.7 million tonnes (Mt) in December 2022, a 10.8% decrease compared to December 2021.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.1 Mt in December 2022, down 8.9% on December 2021. Asia and Oceania produced 104.9 Mt, down 9.2%. The EU (27) produced 9.2 Mt, down 16.7%. Europe, Other produced 3.4 Mt, down 19.2%. The Middle East produced 3.7 Mt, up 0.4%. North America produced 8.8 Mt, down 9.9%. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 6.2 Mt, down 28.4%. South America produced 3.3 Mt, down 3.8%.
Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Dec 2022 (Mt) % change Dec 22/21 Jan-Dec
2022 (Mt)
% change Jan-Dec 22/21
Africa 1.1 -8.9 14.9 -6.6
Asia and Oceania 104.9 -9.2 1,351.3 -2.3
EU (27) 9.2 -16.7 136.7 -10.5
Europe, Other 3.4 -19.2 44.7 -12.2
Middle East 3.7 0.4 44.0 7.1
North America 8.8 -9.9 111.4 -5.5
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine 6.2 -28.4 85.2 -20.2
South America 3.3 -3.8 43.3 -5.0
Total 64 countries 140.7 -10.8 1,831.5 -4.3
The 64 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 98% of total world crude steel production in 2021.
  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Pakistan, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Viet Nam
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Türkiye, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
 

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 77.9 Mt in December 2022, down 9.8% on December 2021. India produced 10.6 Mt, up 0.8%. Japan produced 6.9 Mt, down 13.1%. The United States produced 6.5 Mt, down 8.3%. Russia is estimated to have produced 5.5 Mt, down 11.3%. South Korea produced 5.2 Mt, down 11.6%. Germany produced 2.7 Mt, down 14.6%. Türkiye produced 2.7 Mt, down 20.0%. Brazil produced 2.5 Mt, down 5.2%. Iran produced 2.7 Mt, up 3.3%.
Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Dec 2022 (Mt)   % change Dec 22/21 Jan-Dec 2022 (Mt) % change Jan-Dec 22/21
China 77.9 -9.8 1,013.0 -2.1
India 10.6 0.8 124.7 5.5
Japan 6.9 -13.1 89.2 -7.4
United States 6.5 -8.3 80.7 -5.9
Russia 5.5 e -11.3 71.5 -7.2
South Korea 5.2 -11.6 65.9 -6.5
Germany 2.7 -14.6 36.8 -8.4
Türkiye 2.7 -20.0 35.1 -12.9
Brazil 2.5 -5.2 34.0 -5.8
Iran 2.7 3.3 30.6 8.0

e – estimated. Ranking of the top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate

2022 global crude steel production totals

Total world crude steel production was 1,878.5 Mt in 2022, a 4.2% decrease compared to 2021. Please see the Steel Data Viewer for the complete listing of annual production totals by country.

Rank20222021%2022/2021
1China1 013.01 034.7-2.1
2India124.7118.25.5
3Japan89.296.3-7.4
4United States80.785.8-5.9
5Russia (e)71.577.0-7.2
6South Korea65.970.4-6.5
7Germany36.840.2-8.4
8Turkey35.140.4-12.9
9Brazil34.036.1-5.8
10Iran30.628.38.0
11Italy21.624.4-11.6
12Taiwan, China (e)20.623.2-11.2
13Viet Nam (e)20.023.0-13.1
14Mexico18.218.5-1.6
15Indonesia (e)15.614.85.2
16France12.113.9-13.1
17Canada (e)12.013.0-7.8
18Spain11.514.2-19.2
19Malaysia (e)10.09.110.0
20Egypt9.810.3-4.6
21Saudi Arabia9.18.73.9
22Poland (e)7.78.5-8.6
23Austria7.57.9-4.7
24Belgium (e)6.96.90.4
25Ukraine6.321.4-70.7
26Netherlands6.16.6-7.2
27United Kingdom6.17.2-15.6
28Pakistan (e)6.05.410.9
29Australia5.75.8-1.9
30Thailand5.35.5-2.9
31Bangladesh (e)5.25.5-5.5
32Argentina5.14.94.5
33Sweden4.44.7-5.9
34South Africa4.45.0-12.3
35Czechia4.34.8-11.0
36Kazakhstan4.14.5-8.0
37Slovakia3.94.9-20.4
38Finland3.54.3-18.5
39Algeria (e)3.53.50.2
40United Arab Emirates3.23.07.1
Others37.239.5-5.7
World1 878.51 960.4- 4.2

e – annual figure estimated using partial data or non-worldsteel resources.

* The world total production figure in this table includes estimates of other countries that only report annually.

#Ends#

Notes to Editors:

  • The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world, with members in every major steel-producing country. worldsteel represents steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Members represent around 85% of global steel production.
  • Information on capacity can be found on the .
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