23 March 2023 Brussels, Belgium
World crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 142.4 million tonnes (Mt) in February 2023, a 1.0% decrease compared to February 2022.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.1 Mt in February 2023, down 11.9% on February 2022. Asia and Oceania produced 106.6 Mt, up 3.0%. The EU (27) produced 10.5 Mt, down 12.6%. Europe, Other produced 2.7 Mt, down 24.9%. The Middle East produced 3.5 Mt, up 11.5%. North America produced 8.3 Mt, down 5.5%. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 6.4 Mt, down 21.3%. South America produced 3.2 Mt, down 3.1%.  
Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Feb 2023 (Mt) % change Feb 23/22 Jan-Feb
2023 (Mt)
% change Jan-Feb 23/22
Africa 1.1 -11.9 2.4 -8.0
Asia and Oceania 106.6 3.0 223.9 3.0
EU (27) 10.5 -12.6 20.7 -14.3
Europe, Other 2.7 -24.9 5.9 -21.8
Middle East 3.5 11.5 7.4 17.1
North America 8.3 -5.5 17.4 -5.7
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine 6.4 -21.3 13.3 -20.7
South America 3.2 -3.1 6.8 -2.1
Total 63 countries 142.4 -1.0 297.8 -0.8
  The 63 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 97% of total world crude steel production in 2022. Regions and countries covered by the table:
  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa, Tunisia
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Viet Nam
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Türkiye, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
   

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China is estimated to have produced 80.1 Mt in February 2023, up 5.6% on February 2022. India produced 10.0 Mt, down 1.0%. Japan produced 6.9 Mt, down 5.3%. The United States produced 6.0 Mt, down 5.3%. Russia is estimated to have produced 5.6 Mt, down 8.6%. South Korea produced 5.2 Mt, up 1.1%. Germany produced 3.0 Mt, down 6.9%. Brazil produced 2.5 Mt, down 6.7%. Iran is estimated to have produced 2.4 Mt, up 14.6%. Türkiye produced 2.1 Mt, down 28.9%.  
Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Feb 2023 (Mt)   % change Feb 23/22 Jan-Feb 2023 (Mt) % change Jan-Feb 23/22
China 80.1 e 5.6 168.7 5.6
India 10.0 -1.0 21.3 1.0
Japan 6.9 -5.3 14.1 -6.1
United States 6.0 -5.3 12.6 -5.6
Russia 5.6 e -8.6 11.7 -5.4
South Korea 5.2 1.1 11.1 -1.0
Germany 3.0 -6.9 5.9 -8.6
Brazil 2.5 -6.7 5.3 -5.8
Iran 2.4 e 14.6 5.1 21.1
Türkiye 2.1 -28.9 4.7 -23.1

e – estimated. Ranking of top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate

 

Notes to Editors:

  • The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world, with members in every major steel-producing country. worldsteel represents steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Members represent around 85% of global steel production.
  • A subscription with access to the iron and crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to worldsteel on a monthly basis is available for €1,285 via the worldsteel bookshop. This subscription includes access to 20 years of data in the Steel Statistical Yearbooks. Please contact subscribers@cxmalbentosa.com with any questions.
  • Information on capacity can be found on the .
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