21 April 2023 Brussels, Belgium

World crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 165.1 million tonnes (Mt) in March 2023, a 1.7% increase compared to March 2022.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.4 Mt in March 2023, up 8.4% on March 2022. Asia and Oceania produced 124.8 Mt, up 4.1%. The EU (27) produced 11.9 Mt, down 5.6%. Europe, Other produced 3.5 Mt, down 14.1%. The Middle East produced 3.1 Mt, down 17.5%. North America produced 9.3 Mt, down 2.6%. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 7.6 Mt, up 3.0%. South America produced 3.5 Mt, down 7.6%.  
Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Mar 2023 (Mt) % change Mar 23/22 Jan-Mar
2023 (Mt)
% change Jan-Mar 23/22
Africa 1.4 8.4 3.7 -2.6
Asia and Oceania 124.8 4.1 345.6 3.4
EU (27) 11.9 -5.6 33.1 -10.1
Europe, Other 3.5 -14.1 9.5 -18.3
Middle East 3.1 -17.5 8.9 -11.4
North America 9.3 -2.6 26.8 -4.1
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine 7.6 3.0 21.4 -11.8
South America 3.5 -7.6 10.3 -4.5
Total 63 countries 165.1 1.7 459.3 -0.1
  The 63 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 97% of total world crude steel production in 2022. Regions and countries covered by the table:
  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa, Tunisia
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Viet Nam
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Türkiye, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
   

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 95.7 Mt in March 2023, up 6.9% on March 2022. India produced 11.4 Mt, up 2.7%. Japan produced 7.5 Mt, down 5.9%. The United States produced 6.7 Mt, down 2.1%. Russia is estimated to have produced 6.6 Mt, up 0.4%. South Korea produced 5.8 Mt, up 1.9%. Germany is estimated to have produced 3.3 Mt, down 0.5%. Brazil produced 2.7 Mt, down 8.7%. Türkiye produced 2.7 Mt, down 18.6%. Italy produced 2.2 Mt, up 2.7%.  
Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Mar 2023 (Mt)   % change Mar 23/22 Jan-Mar 2023 (Mt) % change Jan-Mar 23/22
China 95.7 6.9 261.6 6.1
India 11.4 2.7 33.2 3.0
Japan 7.5 -5.9 21.6 -6.0
United States 6.7 -2.1 19.4 -4.0
Russia 6.6 e 0.4 18.7 -1.3
South Korea 5.8 1.9 16.7 -1.5
Germany 3.3 e -0.5 9.2 -5.8
Brazil 2.7 -8.7 8.0 -6.8
Türkiye 2.7 -18.6 7.4 -21.5
Italy 2.2 2.7 5.6 -6.0

e – estimated. Ranking of top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate

 

Notes to Editors:

  • The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world, with members in every major steel-producing country. worldsteel represents steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Members represent around 85% of global steel production.
  • A subscription with access to the iron and crude steel production for the 63 countries reporting to worldsteel on a monthly basis is available for €1,285 via the worldsteel bookshop. This subscription includes access to 20 years of data in the Steel Statistical Yearbooks. Please contact subscribers@cxmalbentosa.com with any questions.
  • Information on capacity can be found on the .
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